The essence of my concept is precise planning and optimization of the required energy, primarily for industry
Energy consumption trend in present (10y period)
Increase coal consumption about 25 %
Increase oil consumption about 18 %
Increase electricity consumption about 41 %
The total consumption of energy resources in 2019 looks like this ( approximation)
Coal 167549372 TJ 27.06 %
Oil 190442343 30.75 %
Nuclear 30461171 4.92 %
Hydro 151946394 2.45 %
Wind/Solar 1341726 4 2.7 %
Biodizel waste 58538571 4.9 %
The resources in the future
Let's assume a mathematical model that excludes oil, coal, natural gas, and possibly nuclear energy.
We are now only left with the possibility of producing clean ecological electricity based on water currents (accumulations), wind, sun, tides, etc.
If we eliminated from the table above oil, coal, and gas, we would get 15% of the energy we can obtain right now.
This amount of energy is far from what humanity needs, especially with the trend of industrial growth.
The solution may be to optimize the consumption of remaining energy resources, while constantly increasing environmentally friendly
The problem of distribution of the remaining energy consumption is divided according to consumers :
Industry, as the main consumer
The bulk of the electricity produced would go to the industry.
Raw material processing requires the most For now, I don't see any way to save, and there is no compromise.
Transport and `transportatin problem`
In the present, transport relies on the consumption of oil and its derivatives. Electricity in traffic is in: railways and electric vehicles
Problems with transport by cars and trucks are: loss of friction energy of rolling wheels and irrational use of vehicles.
In order to solve the problem of loss due to rolling friction, it is necessary to eliminate the wheel from use and find the optimal system that would rely on e.g. technology
magnetic levitation or similar.
Electric cars are temporary solution. They offer irrational transportation and the need for expensive batteries. If you ask what is `irrational transpor
that is when one person using car with 5 seats. Therefore using electical scooters are racionaly transport.
Another problem can be solved by maximizing transportation optimization. This would require a dense local rail network.Roads should be replaced by small rails.
The main role would be played by software, ie a program that would collect and optimize transport requirements and then establlish the necessary capacity (wagon count).
Example: dimensioning of transport
Mathematical model consists of a matrix 3xN type x columns where column N is a quantity that changes dynamically by the time depending on the number of passengers.
The number of species is reduced to 3 factors Xi - number of passengers, route, time. This further means that we have a constantly changing table at the time.
Desired departure time
A -> M
B -> G
C -> F
A -> M
This task would be solved, for example, by some advanced Hungarian method for the transport problem.
The software would have the task of creating and optimizing based on the reported messages for the desired movement
routes and dimensions of transport capacities. You can see more about the transport problem in operational research here .....
Heating mainly relies on direct heating of fossil fuels (coal, oil, gas) and electricity. All this is unacceptable
from the point of view of CO2 emissions and further global warming and pollution. Heating of residential buildings should rely on air-ground heat pumps.
Another important factor is thermal insulation, the further improvement of which is necessary whether it is artificial materials based on PVC or natural based on earth as a good thermal insulator.
Of course, reheating in the cold months in clear weather would be supplemented by solar energy. This means that electricity is needed for heating, but
it would be very well used for the above systems.
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